THE PROTECTION OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN YOGYAKARTA TOWARDS ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY: PERSPECTIVE OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Yovi Cajapa Endyka
International Centre for Law and Sharia Studies
Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Ringroad Barat, Tamantirto, Kasihan Bantul.
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The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is one of the pillars of the ASEAN Community. AEC shall be the goal of regional economic integration by 2015. AEC envisages the following key characteristics: (a) a single market and production base, (b) a highly competitive economic region, (c) a region of equitable economic development, and (d) a region fully integrated into the global economy. Yogyakarta is a city in Indonesia where many citizens are involved in the business, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Based on the data obtained from the Department of Trade, Industry and Cooperatives Bureau of Yogyakarta, in 2015 there were 230.047 SMEs. With the increasingly fierce competition as a result of the single market of the AEC will very likely have an impact on the survival of these SMEs, since many imported-products will flood the domestic market. Indonesian government ratified the ICESCR into ICESCR Ratification Act 2005. The result shows the government has a binding obligation to take various measures and policies to implement the obligation such as “to respect”, “to protect” and “to fulfil” human rights towards SMEs in Yogyakarta.
Keywords: AEC 2015, SMEs, Yogyakarta, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.