My name is Ayu Pratiwi, and now I am working as a journalist for Indonesia in an international NGO “Global Call for Climate Action” (headquarter in Québec, Canada)
with responsibility to mobilize and galvanize public opinion related with climate change issues, in heading toward the global climate negotiation in COP (Conference on Parties) 21 in 7-8 December, held in Paris, as an annual program of climate action and UN Environment Programme.
A Chance of Climate Change for Indonesia
We have huge potential to develop thousand more renewable energy resources in Indonesia, but we can’t, since the lack of fund and supporting skilled human resources. We have thousand of forest and mangroves that can be potential carbon storages, but we can’t due to their increasing exploitations for mining and fishery activities. We have many potential youths who disbelieve their capabilities to create opportunities, then they decide to waste their precious time to play around, and then yelling and blaming at the government since they lost their families in natural disaster or famine as the impacts of climate change.
Conference on Parties (COP) 21 held in 7-8 December 2015, in Paris, will be a turning point for all countries in the world to establish a global agreement in tackling climate change issue. These countries have started to do investigation and negotiation to adopt the chance of this conference and also to adapt the possible impacts after this huge momentum.
What is the chance for Indonesia? Should we give up? We can’t give up.
We really cant’t since as Mr. Ban Ki Moon said, “There is no Plan B, as There is no Planet B.” Climate change is a real live streaming issue, no matter you are taking it seriously or carelessly, the issue is still occuring even heating.
Many countries have determined to pull up their sleeves earlier in tackling this tremendous accelerated climate change. President Barack Obama in The White House (2014) has announced to cut net greenhouse gas emissions 26-28% below 2015 level by 2025. President Xi Jinping of China has also announced to peak CO2 emissions around 2030, with the intention to try to peak early, and to increase the non-fossil fuel share of all energy to around 20% by 2030.
Indonesia released by Climate Action Tracker (2015), has pledged to reduce emissions by 2020 by 26% below BAU unilaterally and by 41% with sufficient international support. The pledge is rated “medium” and with current policies, Indonesia is not likely to achieve this pledge.
Indonesia is playing key role in climate change since this county is at risk and opportunity at the same time to play this game. The main source of livelihood of Indonesia depends on agriculture, marine and fishery that get lost more every year due to environmental damage, caused by increasing mining and deforestation activities. Indonesia is the culprit and victim of climate change at the same time.
The bottlenecks that hamper or halt Indonesia to speed up or at least keep on track its race to tackle the climate issue, caused by the unharmonized and unsupported short term goals of this country toward its long term goal. The long term goal as the scientists push us to rushing toward is “Zero Emission in 2025”. Zero emission looks like “impossible mission” since the waste is a byproduct that always produced in every activities. This waste is always be discarded and then recreates methane as the more potent greenhouse gas than CO2. This is like the circle that we can break if all the natural resources including its waste have monetary value.
Therefore, the best solution in term of short term goal to achieve the future of “Zero Emission” is not only converting emission or waste into energy resources (such as methane gas produced by biomass to produce energy in form of biogas) since this activity will create another waste to discard by the the policymakers who see this waste priceless then will recreate emission in the end. Barbara Unmüßig, The President of Heinrich-Bӧll-Stiftung (2014) said that the best way to reveal all the nature’s value including its waste, was to present it in term of policymakers understand best: money.
Putting price tag on nature’s products and its waste is the best way to drive our perspectives in understanding the nature as a “market” that produces goods and services with monetary value therefore we will be encouraged to not wasting its products or services, and also not to discard the waste. At this point finally we can reach the “Zero Emission in 2025” target at ease by contributing impactful short term goal for COP 21 in 2015.